### Restricted Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining ...

The optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) members is subjected to several limitations resulting from safety measures and construction opportunities. In this study, the cost optimization of RC retaining walls was investigated for considering the restrictions on construction sites.

Get price### Optimum design of cantilever reinforced concrete retaining ...

Abstract: - The optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) structures with the minimum weight is not an easy task due to concrete and steel reinforcement bars have extremely different mechanical behavior, i.e. compressive strength, tensile strength, and material cost. Thus, the optimum design of RC structures may not be

Get price### Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Cantilever Retaining ...

The design optimization of various types of reinforced concrete retaining walls have been addressed by many researchers in the literature. The following is a review to some of these works. Medhekar (1990) investigated the optimum design of free cantilever retaining walls.

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete counterfort ...

Jun 01, 2020 Jun 01, 2020 In this study, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall for minimum cost is investigated by using TLBO and Jaya algorithms. There are 17 design variables in the problem of reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall created in the study.

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete retaining walls with ...

Aug 30, 2019 Aug 30, 2019 However, the significant number of independent design variables and the highly nonlinear constraints involved in the design of reinforced concrete structures Mergos (2017, 2019) in general and the design of concrete retaining walls in particular make their optimum structural design a complex task that can only be performed efficiently by ...

Get price### Optimal design of reinforced concrete retaining avails

The present study therefore aims at developing an optimal design solution for reinforced concrete retaining walls, namely,cantileverretaining walls,counterfortretaining walls and retaining walls with relieving platforms,in terms of minimum cost as per the IS456:2000 code.

Get price### OPTIMUM DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL FOR EARTH

1. Mechanically reinforced earth-also sometimes called a gravity wall 2. Gravity walls-either reinforced earth, masonry or concrete 3. Cantilever walls-concrete or sheet-pile 4. Anchored walls - sheet-pile and certain configurations of reinforced earth The design of a retaining

Get price### Cost-Based Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete

Cost-Based Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls Considering Di erent Methods of Bearing Capacity Computation Neda Moayyeri 1, Sadjad Gharehbaghi 1 and Vagelis Plevris 2,* 1 Department of Civil Engineering, Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology,

Get price### Restricted Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining ...

The optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) members is subjected to several limitations resulting from safety measures and construction opportunities. In this study, the cost optimization of RC retaining walls was investigated for considering the restrictions on construction sites.

Get price### Optimum design of cantilever reinforced concrete retaining ...

Abstract: - The optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) structures with the minimum weight is not an easy task due to concrete and steel reinforcement bars have extremely different mechanical behavior, i.e. compressive strength, tensile strength, and material cost. Thus, the optimum design of RC structures may not be

Get price### Optimum Cost Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining

optimum seismic design of retaining walls. In this paper, a novel hybrid swarm intelligence algorithm, namely hybrid firefly algorithm with harmony search (IFA–HS), based on the combined concepts of firefly algorithm (FA) and harmony search (HS) technique, is proposed to solve design problems of reinforced concrete retaining walls.

Get price### Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls ...

Nov 17, 2020 Nov 17, 2020 A. Kaveh, N. Soleimani, CBO and DPSO for optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls. Asian J Civil

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete counterfort ...

In this study, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall for minimum cost is investigated by using TLBO and Jaya algorithms. There are 17 design variables in the problem of reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall created in the study. These design variables are related to the wall geometry and steel ...

Get price### Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Cantilever

The design optimization of various types of reinforced concrete retaining walls have been addressed by many researchers in the literature. The following is a review to some of these works. Medhekar (1990) investigated the optimum design of free cantilever retaining walls.

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete retaining walls with ...

Aug 30, 2019 Aug 30, 2019 However, the significant number of independent design variables and the highly nonlinear constraints involved in the design of reinforced concrete structures Mergos (2017, 2019) in general and the design of concrete retaining walls in particular make their optimum structural design a complex task that can only be performed efficiently by ...

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete counterfort ...

Jun 01, 2020 Jun 01, 2020 In this study, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall for minimum cost is investigated by using TLBO and Jaya algorithms. There are 17 design variables in the problem of reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall created in the study.

Get price### OPTIMUM DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL FOR EARTH

1. Mechanically reinforced earth-also sometimes called a gravity wall 2. Gravity walls-either reinforced earth, masonry or concrete 3. Cantilever walls-concrete or sheet-pile 4. Anchored walls - sheet-pile and certain configurations of reinforced earth The design of a retaining

Get price### Optimization of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls ...

Jun 05, 2020 Jun 05, 2020 conclusions about the e ect of various parameters on the optimum design of RCRW. 2. Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls 2.1. Design Procedures of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls The design of reinforced concrete retaining walls involves two independent stages: Stage 1. Stability checks (see Figure1) Infrastructures 2020, 5, x FOR PEER ...

Get price### Cost-Based Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining ...

This paper investigates the effect of computing the bearing capacity through different methods on the optimum construction cost of reinforced concrete retaining walls (RCRWs). Three well-known methods of Meyerhof, Hansen, and Vesic are used for the computation of the bearing capacity. In order to model and design the RCRWs, a code is developed in MATLAB.

Get price### Optimum design of gravity and reinforced retaining walls ...

This paper develops a methodology to obtain the optimum design of the gravity and reinforced cantilever retaining walls in terms of least-cost, having different cases of backfill satisfying the stability criteria, according to the height and properties of earth that the wall are required to support. An Enhanced Charged System Search Algorithm (ECSS) is utilized to find the economical sections ...

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining ...

DOI: 10.30958/AJTE.5-3-4 Corpus ID: 139372356. Optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls according Eurocode 2 (EC2) @inproceedings{Mohammad2018OptimumDO, title={Optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls according Eurocode 2 (EC2)}, author={Fouad Mohammad and H. Ahmed}, year={2018} }

Get price### Jaya algorithm based optimum design of reinforced concrete ...

Optimum design of reinforced concrete retaining walls with a key section at the base with the algorithm of Jaya. Polytechnic Magazine, 22(2), 283-291. Soil Investigation and Foundation Design

Get price### Restricted Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining ...

The optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) members is subjected to several limitations resulting from safety measures and construction opportunities. In this study, the cost optimization of RC retaining walls was investigated for considering the restrictions on construction sites.

Get price### Optimum design of cantilever reinforced concrete retaining ...

Abstract: - The optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) structures with the minimum weight is not an easy task due to concrete and steel reinforcement bars have extremely different mechanical behavior, i.e. compressive strength, tensile strength, and material cost. Thus, the optimum design of RC structures may not be

Get price### Optimum Cost Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining

optimum seismic design of retaining walls. In this paper, a novel hybrid swarm intelligence algorithm, namely hybrid firefly algorithm with harmony search (IFA–HS), based on the combined concepts of firefly algorithm (FA) and harmony search (HS) technique, is proposed to solve design problems of reinforced concrete retaining walls.

Get price### Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls ...

Nov 17, 2020 Nov 17, 2020 A. Kaveh, N. Soleimani, CBO and DPSO for optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls. Asian J Civil

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete counterfort ...

In this study, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall for minimum cost is investigated by using TLBO and Jaya algorithms. There are 17 design variables in the problem of reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall created in the study. These design variables are related to the wall geometry and steel ...

Get price### Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Cantilever

The design optimization of various types of reinforced concrete retaining walls have been addressed by many researchers in the literature. The following is a review to some of these works. Medhekar (1990) investigated the optimum design of free cantilever retaining walls.

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete retaining walls with ...

Aug 30, 2019 Aug 30, 2019 However, the significant number of independent design variables and the highly nonlinear constraints involved in the design of reinforced concrete structures Mergos (2017, 2019) in general and the design of concrete retaining walls in particular make their optimum structural design a complex task that can only be performed efficiently by ...

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete counterfort ...

Jun 01, 2020 Jun 01, 2020 In this study, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall for minimum cost is investigated by using TLBO and Jaya algorithms. There are 17 design variables in the problem of reinforced concrete counterfort retaining wall created in the study.

Get price### OPTIMUM DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL FOR EARTH

1. Mechanically reinforced earth-also sometimes called a gravity wall 2. Gravity walls-either reinforced earth, masonry or concrete 3. Cantilever walls-concrete or sheet-pile 4. Anchored walls - sheet-pile and certain configurations of reinforced earth The design of a retaining

Get price### Optimization of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls ...

Jun 05, 2020 Jun 05, 2020 conclusions about the e ect of various parameters on the optimum design of RCRW. 2. Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls 2.1. Design Procedures of Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls The design of reinforced concrete retaining walls involves two independent stages: Stage 1. Stability checks (see Figure1) Infrastructures 2020, 5, x FOR PEER ...

Get price### Cost-Based Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Retaining ...

This paper investigates the effect of computing the bearing capacity through different methods on the optimum construction cost of reinforced concrete retaining walls (RCRWs). Three well-known methods of Meyerhof, Hansen, and Vesic are used for the computation of the bearing capacity. In order to model and design the RCRWs, a code is developed in MATLAB.

Get price### Optimum design of gravity and reinforced retaining walls ...

This paper develops a methodology to obtain the optimum design of the gravity and reinforced cantilever retaining walls in terms of least-cost, having different cases of backfill satisfying the stability criteria, according to the height and properties of earth that the wall are required to support. An Enhanced Charged System Search Algorithm (ECSS) is utilized to find the economical sections ...

Get price### Optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining ...

DOI: 10.30958/AJTE.5-3-4 Corpus ID: 139372356. Optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls according Eurocode 2 (EC2) @inproceedings{Mohammad2018OptimumDO, title={Optimum design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls according Eurocode 2 (EC2)}, author={Fouad Mohammad and H. Ahmed}, year={2018} }

Get price### Jaya algorithm based optimum design of reinforced concrete ...

Optimum design of reinforced concrete retaining walls with a key section at the base with the algorithm of Jaya. Polytechnic Magazine, 22(2), 283-291. Soil Investigation and Foundation Design

Get price